Briggs and Stratton 5S Engine
Article and Pictures by Mark Trotta
With company reports showing over 1.5 million produced, the 5S model may well be Briggs & Stratton's most produced small engine. The single cylinder, 4-cycle motor featured a cast iron block with aluminum oil sump and cylinder head. Designed to run on gasoline, they could also be converted to run on kerosene.
The name 5S (five-S) is derived from the engine's displacement of five cubic-inches, and the 'S' is for suction-type carburetor. All 5S models have a 2" cylinder bore and 1.5" piston stroke.
The factory output rating is 0.83 to 1.00 horsepower (depending on engine speed). Most examples have a 1/2" output shaft, but they were also made with a 5/8" shaft.
Briggs 5S vs 6S
The 5S motor looks similar a Briggs 6S (6 cubic-inch), but the 5s has a five-fin block with a 1.5" stroke. The 6S has a seven-fin block and a 2" stroke. Both have a 2" bore.
The motor in the picture below has a tensioner pulley mounted to the accessory post. Others may have had lever starters mounted to the post, or a belt guard, or nothing at all.
The Vacu-jet carburetor was fitted to several small Briggs models, including the 5s and 6s. There is a slide choke, and it relies on vacuum to pull gas into the engine. A single tube draws fuel up from the gas tank below it.
The flat, kidney-shaped gas tank was fitted to many Briggs small engines, and was seen from the 1940's through the 1980's.
The air cleaner is an oil-bath style, and is secured by a wing nut on a rod which is threaded on top. The bottom of the canister gets filled with oil.
Champion J8 Substitute
Briggs & Stratton recommends the Champion J8 spark plug for many of their old engines, which are now obsolete and expensive when found. The modern replacement is Champion J8C, which looks slightly different, but works the same and takes the same 13/16" wrench size. It is sold as stock # 841.
Briggs 5S Production
Like many small gas engines, 5S motors were originally fitted to reel lawn mowers, garden tillers, orchard sprayers, and other outdoor gas equipment. Being small and lightweight, they enjoyed a great afterlife, such as motorized bicycles during the 1960s.
The Briggs 5S was produced from 1949 to 1957. The motor in the pictures is an unrestored early example. The low six-digit serial number, according to factory archives, was produced in January of 1950.